Пробники ЕГЭ
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11 июня 2021
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Промежуточная аттестация по английскому языку в 11 классе. Устная форма

Пробники ЕГЭ по иностранным языкам
Чтение текста, ответы на вопросы и монологическое высказывание на указанную тему.

15 вариантов: card15.docx


CARD 1

I Read the text and answer your teacher’s questions.

THE GIANT PANDA

An endangered species, the giant panda can only be found in the mountain bamboo forests of Western China. There are only about 1,000 wild giant pandas left in the world. Giant pandas are members of the bear family, and they are mammals. Even though giant pandas look just like bears, they certainly do not behave like bears. Unlike their meat-eating relatives, giant pandas are vegetarians for the most part of their time. Their favourite food is bamboo. Giant pandas must eat a lot of bamboo everyday to get enough nourishment. In fact, they spend at least 12 hours everyday eating about 33 pounds of bamboo. However, if they are extremely hungry and bamboo is nowhere to be found, giant pandas may eat grass, fruits, or sometimes, small animals like chicken.

Giant pandas do not live in groups. They are loners! They only leave their territory from March to May to look for a mate. Female giant pandas usually give birth to twins. Baby giant pandas are very small, blind, pinkish, and weigh about 5 ounces at birth. Strangely, mother giant pandas tend to choose to raise just one baby and leave the other to die. Mother giant pandas feed their babies with milk. A baby giant panda opens its eyes at six to seven weeks. It starts to learn how to walk when it is about three or four months old. Mother giant pandas look after their babies for about 18 months. Once the young is strong enough, it bids farewell to its mother and movesout to live independently.

Questions:

1. Wheredopandaslive?
2. What class of animals do they belongto?
3. What is the main difference between giant pandas andbears?
4. Why do young giant pandas leave their mothers when they are about 18 months?
5. Are there any other endangered species in the world? Whatarethey?

II. Speak on the topic “Family members andrelationships”.



CARD 2

I Read the text and answer your teacher’s questions.

DIFFERENTENGLISH

English is spoken as a first language by several countries including Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada, and the United States. While all of these countries share the same mother tongue, there are some differences in the way they speak andwrite.

The first difference is in the accent. Each country has its own accent. And within each country there are a variety of accents called regional accents.
Another difference is the spelling of some words, like ‘colour’ and ‘colour’, or ‘theater’ and ‘theatre’.

And a third difference is that some of the words are not the same at all. For example, Americans say restroom, Canadians say washroom, and the British say W.C. (water closet.) But all of these words have the same meaning (the room where the toilet islocated.)

So which English is the best English to learn? Well, there is no best English. They are all equally good and correct. But two things may help you decide which one is best for you to study.

First of all, where do you live? If you are from South America, for example, you will probably have more exposure to North American English. If you live in Europe, most likely you will be more exposed to British English.

But no matter where you study English or whether it's British, American, Australian, or whatever, it's good to know a little about English in other countries.

Questions:

1. Where is English spoken as a firstlanguage?
2. What are some differences in the way people speak and write in these countries?
3. What can help a person from another country decide which English is best for him(her)?
4. Which English is taught at school: British English or AmericanEnglish?
5. Do you know any other words which are different in British English and AmericanEnglish?

II. Speak on the topic “A traditional dish in my country”


CARD 3

I Read the text and answer your teacher’s questions.

THANKSGIVING DAY

The story of America’s Thanksgiving begins with the Pilgrims. Early in the 17-th century, the Pilgrims left England in search of religious freedom. In 1608, they sailed to Holland. Then, in 1620, they crossed the Atlantic by ship called the Mayflower.

After sailing for many weeks, the Pilgrims landed at a place now called Massachusetts. They planted the seeds they had brought from England. But the seeds didn’t grow well, and there was so little food for the Pilgrims that many of them starved to death.

Luckily for the Pilgrims, some nearby Indians came to rescue. They taught the Pilgrims to grow native food such as corn. Without this help, the Pilgrims would not have survived.

After the first harvest, the governor of Plymouth Colony - William Bradford - suggested that the Pilgrims hold a feast of thanksgiving. And to their thanksgiving feast the Pilgrims invited the Indians. The Pilgrims were grateful to the Indians for helping the Colony survive. In addition, they hoped that the celebration would strengthen their friendship with the Indians.

Nobody knows the date of the first Thanksgiving feast. But we do know that the Pilgrims and Indians enjoyed a huge feast of deer, goose, duck, oyster, eel, bread, fruit, and corn meal pudding.

In 1789 George Washington declared that Thanksgiving would be a national celebration. It is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November.

Questions:

1. When did the Pilgrims cross the AtlanticOcean?
2. Who taught them to grow nativefood?
3. How did the Pilgrims thank theIndians?
4. Why did the Pilgrims leaveEngland?
5. What other American holidays do you know?

II. Speak on the topic “A family meal out”.
Автор: Сорокина Елена Владимировна.
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      angrysunglasses

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